Transformational Power of Yoga

 

“Looking at the way Yoga has been embraced by the world in the last decade or so, one can safely say that Yoga has arrived. Modern world has definitely realized the benefits of Yoga. Yoga is here and here to stay.”

Article in Prana Magazine (Denmark) - click to view larger version.

(Click the image to view a larger version)

The following is a translation of the article published in Yoga Magazine of Denmark in December 2014.

Looking at the way Yoga has been embraced by the world in the last decade or so, one can safely say that Yoga has arrived. Modern world has definitely realized the benefits of Yoga. Yoga is here and here to stay. But, when we think of Yoga, immediately an image of a bendy person doing some sort of a body contortion comes to our mind. Modern world has been presented the idea of Yoga as physical exercise. Is Yoga only about stretching muscles and moving into seemingly elastic body manipulations? In this article, let us try to understand Yoga as something more than just a “class” and open ourselves to the deeper understanding of the holistic, life transforming benefits of Yoga.

Traditionally, Yoga is understood as “Moksha Shastra” or the science of liberation. Moksha commonly means “liberation”, but one needs to understand Moksha in its deeper sense. Moksha, is not any mundane liberation but is the fundamental liberation from our erroneous perceptions of ourselves. In its original sense, Yoga is the science of total mind-body transformation that releases us from the limiting perception and experience of ourselves and the world. It would not be wrong to call Yoga the philosophy and technique of correcting our own understanding and experience of ourselves.

But, is there a need for such liberation? I mean, ask yourself, how many times have we decided to do something only to be stopped by self-doubt. How many times have we vouched to be calm only to be disturbed by a wave of anger that seemingly comes out of nowhere. How many times have we suffered under bouts of repeated self-denial, guilt, regret and “poor me” syndrome. These issues have an effect on our body, posture, breath, relationships and life in turn. Yoga is a holistic science that includes all aspects of our life. Practicing Yoga in its entirety and not just as postures eases the pressures of the physical-mental (psycho-somatic) ups and downs generating a lasting sense of peace.

The Rishis or the spiritual scientists of ancient India realized that we humans do not really live with total efficiency and effectiveness. Our day to day life is compromised by limiting psycho-somatic tendencies that restrict our thoughts and actions. Once these limiting factors are transformed and eventually over powered we can live as something very profound and peaceful that we all are. This “something very profound” is known as the True Self (Atman/Shiva in philosophical sense). Simply put, the True Self can be understood as our human potential operating in an unrestricted, optimized, peaceful and loving manner. Liberation from limiting psycho-somatic tendencies that restricts our optimum potential is known as Moksha and the set of practices that help us in facilitating the liberation is called Yoga.

Thus, Yoga is much wider than a mere practice of physical contortions (asana). It is a way of living consciously, working on our limitations and allowing life to unfold the optimum potential within us all. Yoga is not just about physical exercise or a class but it is living a life of conscious transformation. Let us look at some ways in which we can consciously practice Yoga in its holistic sense and make Yoga a self-transformation process.

The process of Yoga: The objective of Yoga is to refine the body-mind complex. Since between mind and body the variable of body is grosser, more physical, we start the transformation process with the body. Yoga essentially believes that mind and body are two sides of the same coin. The body is gross of mind and mind is the subtle of the body. Whatever effects the mind will have its effect on the body and vice versa. This is why we start the transformation process via the body as it is more accessible of the two. The physical posture (asana) practice is just one part of the Yoga process.

Why do we do asana in Yoga: Traditional Yoga schools did not look at asana as flexibility training but as a method of generating self-awareness and energy alignment. Deepening of self-awareness is facilitated by making the asana practice more conscious and mindful. Such conscious, inward focus is cultivated by focusing the awareness on body sensations, breath, emotional sensitivity and through visualizations. A mindful asana practice generates self-awareness and mental stillness, bringing the mind and its movements under observation and a fairly conscious grasp. This is when the deeper work of refining the mind and emotions can start. Thus, a gentle, mindful asana practice can, over a period of time, generate increased self-awareness and slow down the restless mind which is usually responsible for stress, exhaustions and a number of mind-body ailments. A life lived with self-awareness makes the practitioner feel more alive, participative and integrated in the process of life.

Breath is the key: According to yoga scriptures, mind and breath are closely linked. It is said that the mind rides on the horse of breath. When the mind is relaxed, the breath is balanced and effortless. When the mind is agitated, the breath is imbalanced and effortful. Modern life, with its stress and speed has resulted in a hyperactive, buzzing mind. This hyperactive mind keeps us in an excitatory state which leads to a fast, shallow and confused respiratory rhythm. Such respiratory rhythm in turn leads to an agitated mind. This is how the cycle goes on, unnoticed for our whole life.

The technique of breath modulation is called Pranayama and is very useful to calm down the mind. Pranayama has not caught up with the modern Yoga enthusiasts as much as asana. Yet, one cannot rule out its importance. In fact a regular practice of Pranayama has shown to generate a sense of wellbeing, cultivate deep relaxation and increase lung capacity. But the most important benefit of Pranayama is that it makes us more aware of ourselves. It literally creates more space between two moments and allows us to consciously exercise the “choice” that we all have and that every moment encloses within itself. Pranayama practice in Yoga is a slow, gentle practice that makes us more conscious of our breathing which is otherwise usually automatic. When a person is conscious of the breath and is able to modulate it in the right time, the automatic, impulsive thoughts can be reined in. In times of conflict, when the mind and speech fires like a machine gun, one, single conscious breath can create space and give us the moment to choose our action carefully. When choice is exercised in such a way, escalation of conflicts and worries can be avoided. Sometimes all you need to create peace in life is conscious awareness and one relaxed breath. Gradually every single breath, taken consciously, calms down the mind and promotes a reflective life rather than a reactive life.

Relaxation: Yoga practices like Shavasana, Pranayama, Yoga Nidra and Meditation can provide innumerable relaxation benefits. Modern society needs to learn to relax. It is with a sense of urgency that we all ought to understand our mind-body system’s vital need for relaxation. Relaxation, not in the sense of getting enough sleep or resting on a sofa, rather, relaxation emerging from a deep knowing that there is no hurry, there is no need to prove anything to anyone and that it will all be fine eventually. Many of us complain of tiredness, exhaustion and mental fatigue compromising our efficiency. Unless we take the time to relax, our lives will continue to be driven by pursuits that lead to nothing but increased nervous exhaustion. One of the best ways of relaxing is a general slowing down of activities through the day. Unless we slow down, we are too caught up in life’s pace to even know where we are going. Slowing down give us the chance to pause, reflect, prioritize and channel our energies towards the desired goals. Involving more relaxation methodologies in the Yoga practice can create lasting peace of mind that can allow us to reflect on our life and take appropriate steps to slow down life’s pace, enjoy the moment and cherish small joys of life.

Faith and Patience: Last but not the least, each one of us who has been preoccupied with the external world has to one day sit up and take notice of the inner voice. This inner voice is nothing but a deeper, innate instinct of self-refinement (transformation). It is that impulse which is programmed to set us free. Listening to the inner voice will drive us safely and clearly towards self-refinement. Self-refinement happens through patiently experimenting with methods of Yoga and experiencing life consciously and totally. Experimenting means exploring new possibilities and to explore new possibilities we need to be fearless, fearless enough to objectively examine our self and to ascertain what to let go off and what to hold on to. One cannot expect the benefits of Yoga if one is not ready to invest in dedicated and diligent Sadhana (self-practice). Process of Yoga is not merely a pursuit of fitness but a process of enlivening a steady state of peace and contentment. This process of self-transformation is gradual and many a times challenging. But with patience, determination and trust we all can reach the peak of peace and true potential that Yoga promises.

The Death of my Mother

Many of us have lost our loved ones, especially parents. Others will have to face this eventuality one day or other. Death is the most certain phase and yet the most unaccepted part of our lives.

My primary school mornings used to be spent crying and feeling abandoned when my mother used to leave me in the care of a nanny to go to work. I used to wave bye-bye through the window and come crashing on the bed crying my heart out for the next two hours. Tugging her saree into my chest I would cry till it was time to get ready for my 1 o’ clock school. This was my daily routine for four years.

In 2012, when I was on my European Yoga Tour I received a call from my sister informing me that mom had slipped into coma and her future was uncertain. I flew back to India immediately, straight into the Intensive Critical Care Unit of the hospital and by the side of my mother’s motionless body. The beeping of machines around her bed took my mind back to those years when I used to cry in fear of her leaving me. There I was, now, facing my biggest challenge, the person who I had loved the most ever, my strongest emotional bond was going to leave me….

After a couple of days my mom passed away, the eventual had happened. In fact, she left her body in the morning when I was by her side. I rushed out of the hospital room and cried for 2 hours in the arms of my sisters just the way I used to in primary school. The only difference, in the past I used to cry out of abandonment, this time I cried out of acceptance. In the past I used to cry feeling my mom had left me, this time I cried tears of gratitude knowing she had finished her work here.

I could say I was born in abandonment because as far back as I remember I was afraid of my mother leaving me. That fear of abandonment has nothing to do with my mother, it was my issue since the time I know I exist and it was me who had to resolve it. Around twelve years ago, in one of my silence periods, it dawned upon me how important it was to evaporate this dark cloud once and for all.

The quest began with a question, why is it that we fear our loved ones leaving us, why is it that we look at it as abandonment. Over the years the answer was revealed. We all fear abandonment because we all have abandoned. We all have abandoned the very immortal love that we ARE and this is why we are afraid of losing the love that we HAVE. Losing some one dear to us reminds us of that abandonment, our abandonment of our Self. The fear of losing some one always lurks in the back of our mind. Every other source of love apart from the Self becomes an obsession. When that source is attained, we feel accepted. When that source is taken away, we feel abandoned. The time in between these two experiences is spent fearing and worrying about the obvious. Death is the most certain phase and yet the most unaccepted part of our lives.

Somewhere over life times we have managed to blindfold ourselves and are now complaining of darkness. Somewhere we all are playing hide and seek with our deathless essence. Somewhere we are all busy entertaining guests of the finite while our infinite mother awaits our arrival. Once in a while some of us do experience a glimpse of immortality and infinity but immediately the voices of mind ground us in flesh. The feeling dies before it blooms into an experience. We have forgotten that the experience of our infinity cannot come through pursuing the finite. We keep forgetting that the acceptance of our immortality cannot come through fearing the mortal.

Many of us have lost our loved ones, especially parents. Others will have to face this eventuality one day or other. It is hard, very hard, to lose someone you love. It is disastrous to feel the separation. But I feel this is a lesson, the toughest lesson. All other spiritual lessons are based in this lesson, the lesson of abandonment, the lesson of separation. And just like any other spiritual practice the acceptance of death, the passing of a parent and facing the eventual separation also needs to be worked upon.

Over twelve years I prepared myself just to accept the fact that one day my parents (especially my mom) will not be with me. It is something that you don’t want to happen but know that it will. It is one of the trickiest and most ruthless of acceptances one has to recognize. I am not claiming that my mother’s passing did not affect me, in fact it was not at all an easy journey for me afterwards. But I just want to share a few things here that did reduce the blow of this incident on my life.

What helped me most was to recognize that my mom was an independent Being even before she was my mom. Endless hours spent looking at her comatose body made me realize that even though this Being was in a relationship with me as a mother in this life it had its own flowering to continue. That Being was now ready to go on its next adventure and I had to let it go. Her death would be an end of “my” relationship with “my” mother but beyond the “my” that Being had to move towards a new journey to realize itself through newer forms and relationships. This is where we need to realize death not as a full stop (period) but as a comma, not as an end but as a pregnant pause.

When one accepts the eventual passing of a loved one as a Being and not as a relation it becomes much easier to generate compassion. Our conflict and resentment with others are only in context of relationship, from the context of Being there are no conflicts, there is only compassion. In the pond of compassion the lotus of forgiveness can bloom. And in the blossom of this lotus lies the peace of past. When the past is made peace with, there is no regret, guilt and resentment. When the past is wiped clean the mind does not move into the future to compensate. When memories of past are let go off, the desires of future too are tamed. The pendulum of mind doesn’t oscillate between resentment of past and desires of the future anymore. Gradually, in the context of that relationship one starts staying in the present and in this present is present just one thing and that is love. Relationships end, Love remains and Love is the common denominator of all that is.

If you have aged parents around perhaps it’s time to prepare yourself. Gather all the courage that you have and work towards resolving any conflict that you may have had with them. Work with compassion, look at them more and more as Beings in form of your parents and not just as “your” parents. Allow genuine forgiveness to arise in the heart, seek forgiveness and keep forgiving. It takes time, patience and sheer determination to hold your ground when it comes to forgiveness. Enjoy every bit of opportunity that you get to express your love. Bit by bit close the chapters based on regrets and resentment till the book of that relationship becomes a book of love. This is the time to count your blessings, this is the time to cherish the love, this is the time to feel thankful and appreciate the joy of small things. From the context of Love we are never really separate, from the context of consciousness we are never really abandoned, from the context of Being we never really die. As bodies we die, as Beings we are immortal. With this fact in mind, when the time comes, allow your loved ones to pass on, allow them to move on to the next stage of their journey as spiritual Beings. Let the abandonment turn into acceptance, let the aloneness transform into all-one-ness. Just like you they too are evolving, just like you they too will flower.

..with my mom in Varanasi, her last pilgrimage.
..with my mom in Varanasi, her last pilgrimage.

Chakras Demystified – A Hatha Yoga view

This is the way Kundalini rises and our perception of our self and the world becomes broader, broader to such an extent that everything and everyone is experienced not as separation but consolidation.

Our inherent infinite potential (Kundalini) takes the opportunity to manifest its completeness through the body-mind complex by evolving over life times. In fact, this is the very reason why we have a body and a life. In this context, every material body is a vehicle of pure potential and every life is an opportunity to manifest its fullness. The evolution of this potential happens over stages. The stages through which the Being evolves to its full potential are called Chakras.

The chakras are zones of psycho-spiritual energy which our Being is made up of. The word Chakra is translated as “wheel”, but such a translation misleads us into thinking of chakras as “wheel like structures”. Chakras are not wheel like structures rather the word chakra in Sanskrit literally means “something that whirls” and everything that whirls is not a wheel. It is so named because it is supposed to convey a whirling movement of the psycho-spiritual energy. It also conveys a radiating force field, a region (kshetra) and not just a point in our subtle body.

Hatha Yoga says that the stability and/or instability of the energetic field in our subtle body along the chakras consequently manifests in the gross body. The chakras have an influence on energetic as well as physical body because the chakras are essential subtle structures functioning to collect, use, transform and pass on Prana energy. Our material bodies could not exist without them for they serve as gateways for the flow of energy and life into our physical bodies. This is how the subtle energies of our chakras in the subtle body influence the physiology in our material body. In fact, the physical body can be called as manifestation of the psycho-vital body which includes prana flow and chakras. Every chakra corresponds to a specific aspect of human nature, behavior and development. The chakras vibrate at different levels relative to the awareness (consciousness) of the individual and their ability to integrate with life and this is why the “spin” of chakras differ from person to person. In simple terms the chakras can be defined as “the stages through which perception and experience of one’s own self and others evolve”.

Let’s understand the concept of chakras with one simple analogy. Imagine a couple have a baby boy. Just like all parents, the parents of our little boy too want him to grow up and be a healthy and happy adult who can create a life full of possibilities by harnessing his potential. For this purpose the parents facilitate proper education, diverse experiences, safe upbringing and stable support with love and care in the life of the child. This example, which perhaps exists in every household, is a microscopic representation of how Shiva and Shakti as our parents facilitate our growth and evolution towards our full potential. To evolve towards our True Potential is our swadharma, one’s own duty towards oneself in this life.

The little boy starts his journey through life. Schooling and education form an integral part of his life as he grows up. The little child goes to a kindergarten, primary school, high school, college, university and so on to gain the required knowledge and experience to become what he wants (or his parents want!?!). The boy’s growth over many years through his educational life could be likened to our growth as spiritual beings (jivatma) moving through chakra stages. In every stage of the boy’s education he goes through innumerable experiences and experiments with life to gain happiness. In the same way, we as spiritually beings (jivatma) evolve over life time to experience and manifest the full extent of our potential. Some experiences are bitter, some are sweet, but experiences come and they shape our life and existence. There is no doubt that consciously or unconsciously transformation does happen. Just like the boy, we, as spiritual students are admitted to the school of life the moment we are born because our potential (Kundalini) as spiritual beings is limited and not yet fully harnessed. The education of our boy through the six stages of schooling namely, early, primary, secondary, higher, master’s level and doctorate studies could be likened to the evolution of human beings through six stages of chakras in the school of life.

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We go through life weaving the warp and weft of mistakes and success to shape our life into a fabric of pure love, permanent freedom and unending bliss. This love, freedom and bliss is the full expanse of our True Potential (Param Shiva). This experience is not a step but the stage from where the Being radiates without the hindrance of any limitation. It is here when the Hatha Yogis say the “Kundalini has united with her Shiva”, meaning, the spiritual being has reached its ultimate pure, true potential. When one starts exploring the bigger dimension of their being by starting to explore the inherent potential (Kundalini), the Kundalini awakens and starts moving through the various levels (chakra). This is called evolution of the Kundalini along the chakras. This is the way Kundalini rises and our perception of our self and the world becomes broader, broader to such an extent that everything and everyone is experienced not as separation but consolidation.

Rejection and Forgiveness

What would you do if your closest friends turn back on you? What would you do if your own family rejected you? What would you do if your parentage was ridiculed? Just do one thing ….

What would you do if your own closest friends with whom you hang out turn back on you?  What would you do if your very own rebuked you? What would you do if your own family rejected you? What would you do if your parentage was ridiculed? What would you do if your own countrymen prosecuted you for being who you were? What would you do if you had to die because of other’s misunderstanding of you? You would do just one thing. You would FORGIVE.

We all have faced rejection in your life. But the life of Christ is one of the biggest examples of rejection in history. It was this rejection that prompted Jesus to remark “a prophet is not without honor, save in his own country, and in his own house” – Matthew 13:57. Incidentally these episodes of rejection culminate at the end of Jesus’ mortal life into one of his greatest teaching, the teaching of forgiveness.

Christ proclaimed that without love He was nothing – Corinthians 13:2. Forgiveness is the other side of the coin of Love. Love and forgiveness go hand in hand. The life of Christ shows that the love of God resides in our Being and expresses itself through forgiveness.

Our life is mired by experiences of resentment, episodes of past have the power to stir our present and anger multiplies itself when held in our system. The solution to this chaos which we hold and nurture in our system is forgiveness. Many a times we do not even know that we have the power and capacity to forgive. But the power to forgive is one of the strongest powers we have. This power has the capacity to erase the burden of past. Even Christ aroused the ire of the then religious leaders by openly saying “your sins are forgiven”. Religious dogma had given the power of forgiveness to God alone thus creating generations of slaves, salves who were oppressed by the so called “mediators” of God known as priests. Jesus made people realize that they had this amazing power, the power of forgiveness to make peace with their pasts and not depend on the priests or God to deliver them. This power of forgiveness is not just for forgiving others but also for reconciliation with our selves. We have a habit of holding a lot of self regret and guilt within us which manifest as experiences of self punishment. Remember, we have the power to forgive ourselves too and start anew without the baggage of past.

Jesus Christ’s own life and death was the biggest example of forgiveness. After being rebuked, scourged, ridiculed, spat upon, beaten and cruelly crucified, Jesus still had the capacity and resilience to forgive those who subjected him to such heinous treatment. The immortal words “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing” still guide many to work on forgiveness.

Jesus did not preach about forgiveness as an extension of guilt but as a tool of reconciliation and union. He cites a case in Gospel of Matthew asking his disciples to first reconcile the differences with near and dear ones and only then offer their gifts at the altar. Forgiveness heals deep wounds and as we know some deeper wounds need more medication, more patience and more time to heal. Forgiveness is not a one off act but rather a process, a process that takes time to heal deeper wounds of resentment. This is why, when asked by Peter about how often should he forgive, Jesus sternly replies by saying “not seven times, but I tell you, seventy-seven times” – Matthew 18:21.

Forgiveness is empowering not only for oneself but also for other. When you forgive the other the karmic bond binding the two is loosened. Even though realization of the need to forgive is in hands of the other person your actions of forgiving can ease the strained karmic bond. Imagine if you were handcuffed to some other person (karmic bond) and you happen to discover the key (forgiveness) to unlock your end of the handcuff. You use the key and unlock your end. By doing this you are not just setting yourself free but also freeing the other person involved in the bondage. This is how forgiveness is empowering to both the parties. The one who realizes the importance of forgiveness first should start without waiting for the other to forgive.

If you, somewhere in the corner of your mind feel a need to forgive and even ask for forgiveness be brave and do it. Let this Christmas be the start of our reconciliation process with those who we hold grudges against. Let us forgive, forgive lovingly, forgive openly, forgive others and above all forgive ourselves.

Merry Christmas.

Prasad Rangnekar

Touching Innocent Hearts

There is an inexplicable joy in watching a child play. A mother experiences a surge of love when she sees her child play happily. Love and compassion are two sides of the same coin and the yogis know this very well, because somewhere the yogis are nurturing their own inner Self very lovingly. Yoga being an art of loving – loving without conditions – it is best experienced in a non-judgmental, pristine attitude of the heart. Continue reading “Touching Innocent Hearts”

Upcoming Workshops in 2012

Here is an overview of Prasad’s workshop & retreat schedule for the year 2012 between May and July. More workshops and retreats are being planned and scheduled for the following months. The details will be made available on the website as and when they are confirmed. To register for any of these workshops, you may write to yoga@yogaprasad.in

 

DATES PLACE TOPIC FURTHER INFO
19th May Ingolstadt, Germany Inner Transformation Workshop Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
20th May Munich, Germany Dealing with change through Yoga Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
30th May Jodoigne Souveraine, Belgium Yoga Workshop Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
1st & 4th June European Commission, Belgium Yoga Classes Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
2nd & 3rd June Brussels, Belgium The Spirit of Yoga Workshop Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
9th & 10th June Rome, Italy Yoga Festival Workshops Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
15th – 17th June Ayurveda Verein, Vienna (Austria) Yoga Nidra Seminar Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
21st – 24th June Ayurveda Verein, Nexenhof (Austria) Yoga Nidra Retreat Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
27th June Plana, Czech Republic Yoga Seminar Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
29th, 30th June & 1st July Liberec, Czech Republic Meet your Precious Self Retreat Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
4th July Kleipeda, Lithuania Women’s Empowerment through Yoga Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
6th July Vilnius, Lithuania Chanting evening and Kirtan Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
7th & 8th July Vilnius, Lithuania Ready for Transformation with Yoga Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in
18th to 30th July Israel Yoga Workshops and retreat with Israeli Yoga Teachers Association Write to yoga@yogaprasad.in

Yoga Journal – Thailand

“I took Prasad’s class at the Bangkok Yoga festival 2010 and it was a wonderful combination of explanation, practice and exploring the deeper meaning behind a series of basic poses. Even the more experienced delegates seemed delighted to re-explore the connection between each pose and get a deeper understanding of the history of yoga. Less experienced among the group understood that there is so much more to yoga than the physical application.”

– Nigel Oakins
Publisher, Yoga Journal – Thailand

Video Interview of Prasad (Part 1, 2 & 3)

INTERVIEW PART 1

In this part of the interview, Prasad elaborates on his interpretation of Yoga. In today’s globalised world, there are many perspectives, many forms of yoga. Prasad explains the essence of Yoga – What does it mean? What does it represent? What is its relevance? and so on…

INTERVIEW PART 2

In this part of the interview, Prasad speaks about how can we absorb Yoga into real life. He explains how Yoga is not just about stretching and performing exercises. We must stop looking at Yoga just as physical practice. Watch the video to learn more.

INTERVIEW PART 3

In the concluding part of this interview, Prasad answers the questions: “What is our aim? What is the horizon we are looking for in Yoga practise?”

Falcon

Falcon

Falcon

This is also a balance posture like Natarajasana.

Step-by-step
Stand firmly on both the feet in Samasthiti.
Focus your eyes on a point for concentration.
Shift your body weight on your left foot, raise the right leg in the front and hold the right big toe with the right hand.
Keeping the balance slowly bring the right leg toward the right side of your body.
Now let go off the right big toe and hold the right knee with your right elbow from underneath.
Straighten the right leg as much as you can keeping a firm balance on the left leg.
Hold for 10 counts and switch the leg and continue.

Benefits
This asana is very beneficial to develop ability of concentration and physical balance.
It works on the abdominal area, and helps make the thigh and hip joint strong and flexible.